Friday, October 20, 2017

Karl Meyer: Fish futures on a broken river

Posted by Wayne G. Barber


It’s been decades since migratory fish on New England’s great river got a break — bleak since deregulation came to federally licensed electricity plants on the Connecticut beginning in 1998.
Deregulation turned a regional market into a venture capital free-for-all, opening the door to speculators and foreign interests controlling public resources. In less than 20 years the Vernon hydro station changed hands three times. The Vermont Yankee nuclear plant next door is currently courting a third owner. Downstream the Northfield Mountain Pumped Storage Station and Turners Falls hydro complex flipped four times between investors. Further south, the Holyoke hydro station sold only once, in 2002.
None of this proved healthy for an ecosystem.
The post-deregulation decade saw a steep slide in American shad passing Holyoke Dam. After two decades of averages well above 300,000 fish, yearly numbers plunged to near half that — a far cry from the 720,000 passed in 1992. Things were even more desperate at Turners Falls Dam. There, impacted by the massive water appetite and violent, peaking flows sent downstream by the Northfield Mountain Pumped Storage Station, passage dropped below 1 percent some years. For a decade, just three or four migrating shad in 100 were tallied emerging alive upstream. Today’s numbers languish near 1980s’ levels.
The federal license signed by Holyoke Gas & Electric in 2002 required they complete lift improvements at Holyoke by 2008 to pass endangered shortnose sturgeon upriver. Sturgeon were literally unable to spawn — blocked at that dam from reaching their only documented natural spawning site, a fail-safe refuge known as the Rock Dam Pool at Turners Falls. Year in, year out, that mandate went unenforced. It was finally met last year.
In 2004 federal fish biologist Boyd Kynard handed results of 15 years of Connecticut River shortnose sturgeon research to the National Marine Fisheries Service. He and colleagues had documented that that Rock Dam spawning site for the only federally endangered migratory fish on the river was being decimated by industrial practices. Yearly gatherings failed for the few dozen spawning-ready sturgeon surviving upstream of Holyoke — as they attempted to continue a tenuous 200 million-year-old genetic line. But National Marine Fisheries Service didn’t come to their aid; no watchdog intervened.
Ultimately, decades of research by Kynard and company was compiled into “Life History and Behaviour of Connecticut River Shortnose and other Sturgeons,” published by the World Sturgeon Conservation Society. After experts at the Europe-based society published the book in early 2012, the U.S. Geological Service (where Kynard retired as a federal fish scientist) began making belated objections, halting all publication for a time. Their objections caused a de facto embargo of its sale in the U.S. through that spring.
The USGS cited editorial and style concerns in “recalling” three chapters on sturgeon biology and spawning — including the data and text showing industrial flows caused spawning failure at Turners Falls. Nearly a dozen state, federal and university contributors to the book cried foul, citing censorship and the public’s right to government information. In June, concurrent with press inquiries and a letter from Congressman John Olver questioning the withholding of public science, the USGS suddenly withdrew all its objections — days before an article highlighting the issues appeared in the Daily Hampshire Gazette. Federal agencies now had the facts. Yet despite the Endangered Species Act, none took action.
In spring 2014, a popular beer, Shortnose Stout, debuted in the region. Its label displayed Kynard’s website and highlighted spawning conditions at Turners Falls. The Connecticut River Watershed Council soon stepped up to accept donated profits from its sale, but those sturgeon were again left hanging. Today conditions at Rock Dam remain as ruinous as when the first 2004 findings were released.
In 2015 the controversial chapters from Kynard’s book got entered into the public record in the current Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s relicensing process for Northfield Mountain and Turners Falls. With that science on the record, things changed at federal proceedings. Sturgeon spawning became a key factor in flow discussions for a future FERC licenses there mandating river conditions. This June, new restoration targets to meet failed 50-year-old federal Anadramous Fish Conservation Act requirements were released by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. With passage failed for half a century at Turners Falls, new shad targets mandate 397,000 fish passing annually. New owner, Canada Public Pension Investments, will be on the hook to build lifts and safeguard sturgeon spawning.
In August a fisherman near Vernon landed an endangered shortnose sturgeon — a fish thought not to exist above Turners Falls. He took a photo and released the fish, sending the picture to officials who confirmed it, then forwarded it to the National Marine Fisheries Service. There is reason to believe that landing may not be an isolated occurrence. The fisheries service is taking the confirmed capture seriously. Is a remnant shortnose population clinging to life in Vermont and New Hampshire waters? Did someone release them there? Either way, federal law requires owners at Vernon Dam, Vermont Yankee and Northfield Mountain to protect the migratory fish of the United States as a public trust. After decades of speculation, it’s high time our fish had their day.Source: Karl Meyer VT Digger

Thursday, October 19, 2017

Fur Trapping Today...

Posted by Wayne G. Barber

Time to get out and do your scouting now for your trap lines. Use your daily trapping journal and make notes on special landscape items to guide you after the leaves fall and the days are shorter or water tables get a little lower with our earthen dam man made ponds water levels are lowered for the many docks and beach cleanings. Freeze some remains from your fall fishing and other hunts to use for baits and scents.

Animal activists have no sense of proportion. Each year, North Americans use about 7 million animals for fur. That’s one sixteenth of one percent of the 12 billion animals they use for food. Yet animal activists focus more attention on the fur trade than on all other livestock industries combined. Go figure!



Canada’s beaver population has never been bigger. The national animal of Canada has been prized for its luxuriant fur for hundreds of years, yet wildlife biologists believe there are as many today as there were before Europeans arrived. They also believe coyotes, foxes and raccoons are more populous now than ever. Truly modern trapping, regulated to allow only the removal of nature’s surplus, is a perfect example of the sustainable use of renewable natural resources!
Rhode Island Trapping 2017/ 2018
Species Dates
Season Bag Limit 0
Pelt Tagging 0
Mink, Muskrat, Skunk, Raccoon, Opossum, Weasel, Red Fox, Gray Fox, Rabbit
November 1 -  January 31, 2018
Coyote- Private no closed season: Bag Limit 0  Pelt Tagging 0
none no
Coyote- State Land November 1 -  January 31,

2018 Beaver- Private* November 1 - March 14, 2018
20 yes
Beaver- State Land*
December 1 -  February 28, 2018 Fisher* December 1 - 24 4 yes * Special permit required in addition to RI trapping license, which may be obtained at Fish and Wildlife’s Great Swamp Field Headquarters (401) 789-0281 or email DEM.DFW@dem.ri.gov
General Regulations • No person shall set, maintain, or tend any trap without first obtaining a trapping license from the Department of Environmental Management. A resident of this state may set traps on property which they own and on which they are domiciled without obtaining a trapping license. (RIGL 20-16-7) • Every holder of a trapping license will be provided with a trapping harvest report card that must be returned to the Division of Fish and Wildlife within 30 days of the end of the trapping season. Failure to return the card will result in denial of trapping license renewal. (RIGL 20-16-12) • Traps may not be set, staked, or placed prior to 8:00 AM opening day. • All traps must have at a minimum the trapper’s current RI trapping license number attached by a metal tag or embedded or cut into the trap. (RIGL 20-6-7) • Written landowner permission is required to trap on private land. (RIGL 20-16-9) • All traps must be checked at least once in every 24-hour period. (RIGL 20-6-9) • There is no open season on bobcat (Lynx rufus) or river otter (Lontra canadensis). Types of Traps Permitted Furbearers for which there is an open season may be taken in: box (a.k.a. “cage”) traps, body-grip (a.k.a. “conibear”) traps, or species specific traps, with the following restrictions: Body-grip traps Private land: Body-grip (a.k.a. smooth wire or “conibear”) type traps up to 6 ½” jaw spread (i.e. “110, 120, 160” or equivalent) are permitted on land or in water on private land. Body-grip type traps greater than 6 ½” but not exceeding 8” jaw spread (“220”) may only be set if completely submerged in water or set no less than six (6) feet above the surface of the ground. Body-grip traps greater than 8” but not exceeding 10” jaw spread (“330”) may only be set completely submerged in water.
State land: Body-grip traps up to 6 ½” jaw spread are only permitted in water sets (i.e. all or a portion of the trap in water) or if placed six (6) feet above the ground. Body-grip traps with a jaw spread greater than 6 ½” but not exceeding 10” (“220-330”) may only be set if completely submerged in water. Box traps The use of box traps is permitted on private and state lands. Species specific traps The use of species specific traps is permitted on private and state land. A species specific trap is characterized by all of the following: triggering and restraining mechanisms are enclosed within a housing; triggering and restraining mechanisms are only accessible through a single opening when set; access opening does not exceed 2 inches in diameter; triggering mechanism can only be activated by a pulling force; has a swivel mounted anchoring system. Permit to trap state lands All trappers harvesting furbearers from state management areas must obtain a special permit (no fee), issued by the Division of Fish and Wildlife, Great Swamp Field Headquarters in addition to their current RI trapping license. Prohibitions • The use of poisons or snares (RIGL 20-16-6). • The use of steel-jawed leghold traps (RIGL 20-16-8). • No person shall disturb, tend, or possess a trap of another, or take an animal from the traps of another unless specifically authorized to do so. (RIGL 20-16-12). • The setting of traps within ten feet of a beaver lodge or bank den or within eight feet of a muskrat lodge unless authorized by special permit. • The taking or possession of a road-killed furbearer (RIGL 20-16-1), unless with a current RI trapping license and during the open season for that species or as provided for under a current RI Scientific Collectors Permit (RIGL 20-1-18) or otherwise permitted by the Division. • The relocation of beaver. • The use of deadfalls, pitfalls, fish hooks, treble hooks, or other similarly sharpened instruments to catch, capture, or injure furbearers is prohibited

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Brown Leads Team USA in Qualification

Posted by Wayne G. Barber
MEXICO CITY, Mexico - With a personal best in tough wind this morning, Mackenzie Brown's (Flint, Texas) second half of qualification at the World Archery Championships catapulted her into 9th for the U.S. recurve women with a 663.

"I learned a lot - I had a strong start but then had some ups and downs through the first half, but that helped me solidify my mental process and make sure it was really strong, and that's how my second half went," shared Brown. The Olympian is making her senior world championship debut this week and added: "I really enjoy getting to wear USA on my back any chance I get, and World Championships is just one of those stages that's unlike any other, so it's fantastic to be here."

Also making her World Archery Championship debut with Team USA this weekend is National Women's Head Coach Songi Woo, who has been working with Brown at the Chula Vista Elite Athlete Training Center. Brown commented: "Things are really awesome with Coach Woo; I really appreciate her in terms of the support she brings. It's also great to have not only a familiar face and someone I train with constantly, but also a friend behind me."

Sandwiched by teammates of varying experience, five-time Olympian Khatuna Lorig (Denver, Colorado) scored a 650 to put her 17th, and Eliana Claps (Everett, Washington) qualified 80th. While the trio finished 20th as a team, Brown earned Team USA a 6th place seed for the mixed team event with Brady Ellison's (Globe, Arizona) high finish yesterday.

On the mixed team competition, which was recently added to the Olympic program for 2020, Brown added: "I really enjoy the mixed team event and I've medaled at every mixed team event I've competed in on the world cup stage so I look forward to repeating that here at World Championships. Brady brings a lot of experience to the team, but he's also a really mellow person to shoot with. It's a lot easier to focus on my shot when the other person on my team is really relaxed and encouraging."

Later in the afternoon, the recurve men's team took on the team elimination matches. Opening in a tough match against higher seed, India, USA posted a 52 to India's 54, but came back with strong wins over the next two sets. With just one set to go, India staged a comeback and forced a shoot-off. USA's 29/30 to India's 28 took the win to advance to the quarterfinals.

There, Team USA faced a familiar opponent in the team from Italy. Evenly matched, Ellison, Jake Kaminski (Gainesville, Florida) and Tom Stanwood (Raynham, Massachusetts) went toe to toe, posting 54, 55, 54 over three sets to Italy's identical scores for a 3-3 tie. Six arrows left in the quiver, each team scored four perfect tens on their first four shots. With an 8 and a 9 to Italy's two 9s, USA exited the competition, but as Kaminski commented: "We went out fighting."

Competition resumes tomorrow with early individual elimination matches to get all categories to the 1/16th round. Results throughout the competition are available at www.worldarchery.org. The medal matches this weekend will stream live on the Olympic Channel. For more, follow USA Archery on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.
About USA Archery
USA Archery is the National Governing Body for the Olympic sport of archery in the United States. USA Archery selects and trains Olympic, Paralympic, World Championship, and World Cup teams, as well as developing archery at the grassroots level across the United States. For more information, visit www.usarchery.org.

Saturday, October 14, 2017

Vermont Bald Eagles Nest in Record Numbers in 2017

Posted by Wayne G. Barber


Peregrine falcons, common terns, and loons also have nesting success
 
MONTPELIER, Vt. – Vermont’s bald eagle population continued its recovery in 2017.   Twenty-one pairs of adult bald eagles successfully produced 35 young in Vermont in 2017, a modern-day record in the state according to the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department.  The species remains on Vermont’s endangered species list, but another strong year of growth has biologists hopeful for their continued recovery.   
 
Bald eagles typically nest along significant water bodies where fish and other aquatic foods are readily available.  In Vermont, most bald eagle nests are found along the Connecticut River, Lake Champlain, Lake Memphremagog, and some other large inland bodies of water. 
 
In 2002, the first Vermont eagle nest was discovered after a 60-year absence. However, it wasn’t until 2008 when the first eagle fledgling successfully left its nest. Eagle numbers have been steadily increasing since then, giving hope to their full recovery in the near future.
 
“Vermont’s bald eagles continue to recover thanks to improved habitat conditions, especially water quality and forested shorelines. These conservation efforts would not be successful without the interest and support of the public for these nesting areas by maintaining a respectful distance from the nests,” said John Buck, bird biologist for Vermont Fish & Wildlife.  “People have reported seeing large numbers of bald eagles migrating through the state, including many juvenile eagles that have remained in Vermont and may someday nest here.”
 
Peregrine falcons successfully raised at least 63 young birds in 2017, according to Audubon Vermont who monitors nesting peregrine falcons in partnership with the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department.  This is similar to nesting success from previous years, though down slightly from a record high in 2016. 
 
Peregrine falcons and bald eagles declined in the 20th Century nationwide due to loss of habitat, disturbance to nests, and the effects of the pesticide DDT. Laws such as the Clean Water Act, the Endangered Species Act, and a ban on DDT have aided in the recovery of these birds. Loons similarly faced dramatic declines as a result of shoreline development and human disturbance of their habitat. 
 
In 2005, peregrine falcons, loons, and osprey were removed from Vermont’s state endangered species list following years of conservation effort.  Bald eagles have recovered in most of the U.S., but remain on Vermont’s state endangered species list as they continue to recover locally. 
 
“Vermonters have played a huge role in the recovery of these species,” said Margaret Fowle, biologist with Audubon Vermont.  “We work with a large number of citizen volunteers who help monitor nests, while the general public has aided in recovery efforts by maintaining a respectful distance from these birds during the critical nesting season.  Paddlers have been keeping away from nesting loons, and the climbing community has been helpful by respecting peregrine falcon nesting cliff closures and getting the word out about where the birds are.”
 
Common terns, another state endangered bird species being monitored by biologists, fledged 71 chicks in 2017. Predation and erratic weather during the hatching period probably accounts for the average nesting result.
 
Vermont also welcomed 93 newly fledged birds to the state’s loon population, breaking the previous record of 81. 
 
Vermonters can help researchers in their effort to conserve birds by donating online to the nongame wildlife fund at www.vtfishandwildlife.com or by purchasing a conservation license plate, including the loon design plate. 

Monday, October 9, 2017

Connecticut Fall Trout Stocking

Posted by Wayne G. Barber

The following areas were stocked on 10/4 & 10/5   (updated 10/5/2017)

LAKES AND PONDS:  

In Eastern CT, Bigelow Pond (200 Rainbow Trout), Mashapaug Lake (600 Rainbow Trout), Black Pond (Woodstock, 200 Rainbow Trout), Crystal Lake (500 Rainbow Trout), Wauregan Reservoir (200 Rainbow Trout), Gardner Lake (500 Rainbow Trout), Rogers Lake (200 Rainbow Trout), Coventry Lake (500 Rainbow Trout), Long Pond (200 Rainbow Trout), Amos Lake (200 Rainbow Trout), Beach Pond (600 Rainbow Trout), Quonnipaug Lake (200 Rainbow Trout), Cedar Lake (200 Rainbow Trout) and Black Pond (Middlefield/Meriden, 200 Rainbow Trout).

RIVERS AND STREAMS:  
In Eastern CT, the Willimantic River TMA (300 standard size Rainbow Trout and 300 12 inch and up Rainbow Trout),

TROUT PARKS:
In Eastern CT, the Mohegan Park Pond (300 Rainbow Trout), Valley Falls Park Pond (300 Rainbow Trout), Day Pond (300 Rainbow Trout) and Chatfield Hollow (Schreeder Pond only, 300 Rainbow Trout) Trout Parks have been stocked.
Note, all Rainbow Trout stocked are standard size (9-11 inch) fish unless otherwise noted.

Thursday, October 5, 2017

The Changing Face of Fall Turkey Hunting


THEN AND NOW
The NWTF’s conservation efforts to trap, transfer and restore wild turkey populations throughout the country began in 1973. Then, fall turkey hunting ruled.
I first turkey hunted my native Pennsylvania in the early 1970s. Spring hunting was fairly new (1968 in Pennsylvania). Some turkey hunters who mentored me viewed the spring season with skepticism, claiming it was too easy because hunters made good on a gobbler’s intense breeding desire.
My late father, a longtime fall turkey hunter, used to joke, “I like spring turkey hunting now that we can, but it feels like I’m breaking the law.”
He wasn’t. Times have changed. Now many people spring turkey hunt.
Younger or newer turkey hunters who now enjoy the NWTF’s steady, continuing effort to maintain wild turkey populations might think spring is the longtime tradition, and that’s true in some ways, but just for much of the late 20th century and early 21st century.
Despite the trending spring turkey tradition, fall and winter turkey hunting opportunities have increased in some states. In others, wildlife officials unapologetically manage for spring turkey hunting and offer no “second seasons.”
MANAGEMENT FACTORS
Turkey hunting management is based on many factors. Wildlife managers consider overall turkey kill data for spring and fall and much more, including public opinion, seasonal hunter participation and pressure to use resources differently. Whether we like it, fall turkey hunting management can be a political topic, too, with varying viewpoints.
Regulations for fall turkey hunting opportunities include season date expansion or reduction. Wildlife managers enact seasons based on kill data from spring and fall and varying geographical opportunities based on zones and regions. They also use method-of-take laws for archery and firearms.
 Rhode Island has a fall turkey season for 2017  from Oct. 1 to Oct.14th one bird either sex by archery only, No crossbows Source: Outdoor Scene
Fall turkey hunting management approaches vary nationwide. Iowa fall turkey hunts are limited to residents, for example. New York implements sunrise-to-sunset shooting hours with roosted turkeys in mind rather than the half-hour-before-sunrise/half-hour-after-sunset rule.
STATES THAT DO
True, some states have increased fall and winter turkey hunting opportunities during the past 10 years. In fact, 42 states and even some Canadian provinces will hold fall seasons in 2017.
Maine, for example, offers a lengthy fall turkey season from early October to early November, and a two-bird limit. The latter phase of this opportunity even coincides with the firearms deer firearms season — a debatable topic.
Nebraska and Kansas, where it’s common to see huge winter flocks in the hundreds, offer fall and winter turkey seasons from early autumn to the end of January. Both states, obviously, should be on your spring destination list, too.
And yes, things have changed in my native Pennsylvania since I was a teenager.
In their report, Pennsylvania Turkey Hunting, Pennsylvania Game Commission biologist Mary Joe Casalena and NWTF Conservation Field Supervisor Bob Eriksen wrote: “We are privileged to be able to enjoy both spring and fall hunting in this state. To continue to have the outstanding hunting we have come to expect, fall harvests are carefully monitored, and trends in spring harvests are watched.”
That’s true in many states.
Wisconsin, as in spring, offers a lengthy and generous fall turkey season based on zones and a permit system.
New Hampshire has a longtime archery fall turkey season that runs concurrently with the deer archery deal (from mid-September to mid-December, ending a week sooner in Wildlife Management Unit A). Some opportunists there take a bird while sitting in a tree stand or pop-up blind for deer.
Places, such as Virginia and Pennsylvania, even offer fall turkey hunting on Thanksgiving, an American tradition.
Kentucky might have the most diverse fall and winter turkey seasons. A range of shotgun, archery and even crossbow opportunities are included in the mix.
STATES THAT DON’T
Georgia manages for spring turkey hunting and offers no fall season. This is also true for South Carolina, home of the NWTF.
New York, which once offered a generous statewide fall turkey season, recently cut back on season days and the bag limit.
According to Doug Little, NWTF conservation field supervisor for the Northeast, the decline in New York’s wild turkey numbers has been largely attributed to poor weather during the nesting and brood-rearing seasons during the past 10-plus years.
“Habitat has been lost to a host of land-use changes,” he said. “The remaining habitat is also maturing and becoming less than ideal from a landscape-level perspective. We have realized significant declines in young forest habitat in the Northeast, which may be negatively impacting hen nesting success.”
Alaska is the only state without a wild turkey population, so no turkey hunting opportunities exist there.
VARIATIONS
Other states are ambivalent on the deal, letting licensed hunters choose, offering one turkey per calendar year (Arizona, fall or spring) or tipped deliberately toward gobblers or bearded turkeys only (Florida, fall and spring).
Others — and this is fairly common ­— offer either-sex fall turkey limits.
As always, study your state regulations closely for any year-to-year changes in turkey hunting laws.


Team USA Wins Two Compound Junior Bronze Finals and Going for Three Golds

Posted by Wayne G. Barber

ROSARIO, Argentina - In yesterday's qualification round at the World Archery Youth Championships, many U.S. athletes poised themselves high in the brackets individually, and three of the four compound teams set new world records putting Team USA high on top of the rankings. Today's competition featured the second round of individual eliminations and team eliminations through the bronze finals.

The recurve cadet men's team, led by Jack Williams (Irvine, California) and teammates Andrew Park (Marana, Arizona) and Adam Heidt (Springfield, Georgia), took an early first round lead and clinched the win 6-2 over Kazakhstan. The 4th seeded team continued to the quarterfinals where they faced a matchup with 12th seed, India. The two split the first set before climbing the scoreboard to shut India out 5-1. Meanwhile, the 8th seeded team from Italy upset No. 1, Korea to go head to head with the U.S. in the semifinals.

Holding strong, the U.S. was tied 2-2 after two sets, but sealed the deal with incredible scores of 57 and 56 to ensure a spot in the gold final this weekend.

With all U.S. compound teams sitting in first in the rankings, all had byes into the quarterfinals and the compound junior women soared straight through to the semifinals.

The compound cadet women, defending their stronghold on the gold in this event since it was added to the program in 2006, picked up a 215-212 quarterfinal win over Australia on their way to the semifinals. The U.S. trio of Sachiko Keane (Staten Island, New York), Breanna Theodore (Hibbing, Minnesota) and Savannah Vanderwier (Sheffield, Texas) continued to dominate, taking a 13 point-advantage to win their semifinal match 217-204 over India, sealing their spot in the gold final.

After setting a new world record by an unbelievable 49 points yesterday, the compound cadet men took a 226-219 victory over Denmark in the quarterfinals.Dane Johnson (Laotto, Indiana), Ethan Merrill (Manchester, New Hampshire) and Anthony Ferraro (Scranton, Pennsylvania) pulled out another decisive semifinal win over Canada with a 231-220 match in their favor on their quest for gold.

Top ranked compound junior men's team, Jesse Clayton (Powell Butte, Oregon), Curtis Broadnax (Social Circle, Georgia) and Kolby Hanley (Cambridge, Vermont) had a bye through to the quarterfinals where they took a knockout win by 30 points over India to advance to the semifinals. Facing tough opponents in the team from Mexico, they took an initial 58-57 lead, but dropped a few points over the next few arrows. While they made a comeback in the final end, Mexico held their lead for a 229-228 victory, sending USA to the bronze final.

The U.S. team faced Great Britain for the bronze, and dropping just one arrow out of the 10-ring, USA took an early lead that grew another two points in the second end and another two with a near perfect 59 in the third. Six points up with six arrows to go, the path to the podium was clear. With a perfect 60, the USA claimed the win.

The compound junior women's team of Alexis Ruiz (Glendale, Arizona), Cassidy Cox (Albuquerque, New Mexico) and Sophia Strachan (Frederick, Maryland)made their debut of the day in the semifinal round against Great Britain. The team from across the pond opened strong with a three-point lead, and by the time there were three arrows to go, they had a nine-point advantage. A 6 opened the door for the U.S. women to close the gap, but it was not enough to turn the tides and a 217-212 decision led the U.S. squad to the bronze match.

Going head to head with Italy, the U.S. ladies opened up 55-54, but by the half, they were down 111-110. Not to be denied the win, they came back strong, keeping all arrows in the gold to secure the bronze in a strong 226-218 win.
The recurve cadet women, ranked 11th, faced a first-round exit despite a strong initial lead. Russia's team posted higher scores over the next two sets and while the two tied on the final three arrows, Russia took the win 5-3.

In the morning's individual eliminations, recurve junior Mattew Nofel (Colorado Springs, Colorado), ranked 72nd continued to shake the brackets, taking a 6-4 win to upset the 24th seed from Turkey, while teammate Joony Kim (Boise, Idaho)fell 6-0. On the cadet field, Williams' bye carried him through to the 1/16th match later in the competition - teammate Heidt will join him after a shoot-off win led the 52nd seed to upset No. 13 from Japan. Park exited in a 7-3 loss.

Recurve junior women Anna Miscione (Ramona, California) and Meghan Collins (High Springs, Florida) were also knocked out in today's match, along with cadet, Casey Kaufhold (Lancaster, Pennsylvania). Cadet Inga Pever (Houston, Texas) pulled a 6-0 victory to advance.

For the compound junior men, Hanley, ranked 20th faced an early upset in a shoot-off loss to El Salvador's Nolasco Carias.
Competition resumes tomorrow with individual and mixed team elimination matches through the bronze finals. Live results are available atwww.worldarchery.org. Stay tuned for updates on a stream of the finals. For more, follow USA Archery on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

About USA Archery
USA Archery is the National Governing Body for the Olympic sport of archery in the United States. USA Archery selects and trains Olympic, Paralympic, World Championship, and World Cup teams, as well as developing archery at the grassroots level across the United States. For more information, visit www.usarchery.org.

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